Does the Mass Public Transport System Cover the Social Transport Needs? Targeting SDG 11.2 in Guadalajara, Mexico
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AuthorOchoa-Covarrubias, Gabriela; Grindlay Moreno, Alejandro Luis; Lizarraga Mollinedo, María Carmen
Mass public transportSocial transport needsSocial exclusionGuadalajaraLatin America
Ochoa-Covarrubias, G.; Grindlay, A.L.; Lizarraga, C. Does the Mass Public Transport System Cover the Social Transport Needs? Targeting SDG 11.2 in Guadalajara, Mexico. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 7709. https:// doi.org/10.3390/app11167709
SponsorshipFEDER/Junta de Andalucía-Consejería de Economía y Conocimiento/Project “Design of Strategists to Face the Impact of COVID-19 on Compliance with the SDGs in Andalusia” Ref. CV20- 01172
This paper analyses how SITEUR, the Mass Public Transport System (MPTS) in the Guadalajara Metropolitan Area (GMA), covers transport social needs, contributing to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 11.2. In order to facilitate this, an Index of Mass Transport Provision (IMTP) was measured through proximity, frequency, and capacity. Then, an Index of Social Transport Needs (ISTN) was calculated by means of transport disadvantage indicators. Finally, the Index of Social Transport Needs Covered (ICSTN) was calculated. The calculations used geographic information systems and principal component analysis in 1834 geographic sections. Findings highlight that 50.3% of the inhabitants have a very high level of social transport needs, while only 6.8% of the population have very low social transport needs. Results show that SITEUR promotes advancement in public transport systems within the GMA relative to quality, security, and reliability and it also contributes to tackling social exclusion in the GMA. A proposal related to transport systems integration is included, to address an important aspect of social exclusion in the city.