Remarks on the precise measurement of the X(3872) mass and its counting rate
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Ortega, P. G., & Arriola, E. R. (2021). Remarks on the precise measurement of the X (3872) mass and its counting rate. Physical Review D, 103(11), 114029. DOI: [10.1103/PhysRevD.103.114029]
SponsorshipSpanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad FPA2016-77177-C2-2-P FIS2017-85053-C2-1-P; Junta de Andalucia FQM-225; EU STRONG-2020 project 824093 H2020-INFRAIA-2018-1; European Commission FPA2016-77177-C2-2-P FIS2017-85053-C2-1-P
The line shapes of specific production experiments of the exotic state such as Xð3872Þ with JPC ¼ 1þþ quantum numbers involving triangle singularities have been found to become highly sensitive to the binding energy of weakly bound states, thus offering in principle the opportunity of benchmark determinations.We critically analyze recent proposals to extract accurately and precisely the Xð3872Þ mass, which overlook an important physical effect by regarding their corresponding production line shapes as a sharp mass distribution and, thus, neglecting the influence of initial nearby continuum states in the 1þþ channel. The inclusion of these states implies an effective cancellation mechanism which operates at the current and finite experimental resolution of the detectors so that one cannot distinguish between the 1þþ bound state and nearby DD¯ continuumstates with the same quantumnumbers. In particular, we show that the line shape for resolutions above 1MeVbecomes rather insensitive to the binding energy unless high statistics is considered. The very existence of the observed bumps is a mere consequence of short distance correlated D¯ D pairs, bound or unbound. The cancellation also provides a natural explanation for a recent study reporting missing but unknown decay channels in an absolute branching ratio global analysis of the Xð3872Þ.