The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pregnant women
MetadataShow full item record
AuthorPuertas González, José Antonio; Mariño Narváez, Carolina; Peralta Ramírez, María Isabel; Romero González, Borja
Jose A. Puertas-Gonzalez... [et al.]. The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pregnant women, Psychiatry Research, Volume 301, 2021, 113978, ISSN 0165-1781, [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.113978]
SponsorshipMinistry of Economy, Knowledge, Business ACTS229UGR18; Junta de Andalucia; European Commission; Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities, FPU program 18/00617
The aim was to examine the psychological effects caused by the COVID-19 pandemic on pregnant women, as well as the factors influencing these effects. The study design was cross-sectional and the participants were 200 pregnant women. The first group called the Pandemic Group (PG) included 100 women who were evaluated with psychological assessment instruments during the COVID-19 pandemic. The second group titled Pre-Pandemic Group (PPG) consisted of 100 women who were evaluated prior to the pandemic. Perceived stress, prenatal concerns and psychopathological symptoms were evaluated and compared. Pandemic Group scored significantly higher than Pre-Pandemic Group in the depression dimension of the SCL-90, in the phobic anxiety dimension, and in the Perceived Stress Scale. In addition, insomnia, along with having recently suffered the loss of a loved one explained 25% of the score variance in the depression dimension of the SCL-90. Insomnia also explained 13% of the variance of the results found in the Perceived Stress Scale. The fear of contagion by COVID-19 increased the scores obtained in the phobic anxiety dimension, explaining 11% of the variance. Thus, the COVID-19 pandemic could produce an increase in psychopathological symptomatology and stress, which can lead to negatively affecting pregnant women's mental health.