The Q-Pass Index: A Multifactorial IMUs-Based Tool to Assess Passing Skills in Basketball
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AuthorQuiléz Maimón, Arturo; Rojas Ruiz, Francisco Javier; Delgado-García, Gabriel; Courel-Ibáñez, Javier
BiomechanicsMotor control3D analysisTeam sportsGyroscopeAccelerometers
Quílez-Maimón, A.; Rojas-Ruiz, F.J.; Delgado-García, G.; Courel-Ibáñez, J. The Q-Pass Index: A Multifactorial IMUs-Based Tool to Assess Passing Skills in Basketball. Sensors 2021, 21, 4601. https:// doi.org/10.3390/s21134601
Despite being a key sport-specific characteristic in performance, there is no practical tool to assess the quality of the pass in basketball. The aim of this study is to develop a tool (the quality-pass index or Q-Pass) able to deliver a quantitative, practical measure of passing skills quality based on a combination of accuracy, execution time and pass pattern variability. Temporal, kinematics and performance parameters were analysed in five different types of passes (chest, bounce, crossover, between-the-leg and behind-the-back) using a field-based test, video cameras and body-worn inertial sensors (IMUs). Data from pass accuracy, time and angular velocity were collected and processed in a custom-built excel spreadsheet. The Q-pass index (0–100 score) resulted from the sum of the three factors. Data were collected from 16 young basketball players (age: 16 ± 2 years) with high (experienced) and low (novice) level of expertise. Reliability analyses found the Q-pass index as a reliable tool in both novice (CV from 4.3 to 9.3%) and experienced players (CV from 2.8 to 10.2%). Besides, important differences in the Q-pass index were found between players’ level (p < 0.05), with the experienced showing better scores in all passing situations: behind-the-back (ES = 1.91), bounce (ES = 0.82), between-the-legs (ES = 1.11), crossover (ES = 0.58) and chest (ES = 0.94). According to these findings, the Q-pass index was sensitive enough to identify the differences in passing skills between young players with different levels of expertise, providing a numbering score for each pass executed.