Nursing-Intense Health Education Intervention for Persons with Type 2 Diabetes: A Quasi-Experimental Study
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AuthorMartos Cabrera, María Begoña; Gómez Urquiza, Jose Luis; Cañadas González, Guillermo; Romero Béjar, José Luis; Suleiman Martos, Nora; Cañadas De La Fuente, Guillermo Arturo; Albendín García, Luis
Clinical trialsDiabetes Mellitus Type 2HbA1cHealth educationPrimary care
Martos-Cabrera, M.B.; Gómez-Urquiza, J.L.; Cañadas-González, G.; Romero-Bejar, J.L.; Suleiman-Martos, N.; Cañadas-De la Fuente, G.A.; Albendín-García, L. Nursing-Intense Health Education Intervention for Persons with Type 2 Diabetes: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Healthcare 2021, 9, 832. https://doi.org/ 10.3390/healthcare9070832
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a highly prevalent disease, the progression of which depends on high blood glucose levels, which are reflected in the level of glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c). Appropriate health education equips patients with the knowledge and skills to control their glucose and HbA1c levels to avoid long-term complications. This study was set up to compare the results of an intensive (360 min) educational intervention to improve HbA1c parameters in patients with DM2 with those of a usual 90 min intervention. For this purpose, healthcare personnel led a quasi-experimental study of 249 diabetics: 171 in the control group, and 78 in the intervention group. In the control group, the mean HbA1c value decreased from 6.97 to 6.75, while in intervention group it fell from 8.97 to 8.06. The before and after mean difference between both groups was compared with a Wilcoxon test, and the results statistically significant (W = 4530; p < 0.001), indicating a higher reduction of HbA1c in the intervention group. We concluded that the intensive health education provided by nurses during the consultation helped improve HBA1c levels in persons with DM2.