A Novel Tool to Assess Basic Activities of Daily Living in Spanish Preschoolers
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AuthorBarrios Fernández, Sabina; Gozalo, Margarita; García Gómez, Andrés; Carlos Vivas, Jorge; Romero Ayuso, Dulce Nombre de Mari
Activities of daily livingExecutive functionChildEvaluationAssessment
Barrios-Fernandez, S.; Gozalo, M.; Garcia-Gomez, A.; Carlos-Vivas, J.; Romero-Ayuso, D. A Novel Tool to Assess Basic Activities of Daily Living in Spanish Preschoolers. Children 2021, 8, 496. https://doi.org/10.3390/ children8060496
SponsorshipOccupational Therapy Association of Extremadura (Colegio Profesional de Terapeutas Ocupacionales de Extremadura)
Background: Basic activities of daily living (BADLs) are those related to self-care. Their performance depends on the development of sensorimotor and cognitive skills, as well as social and environmental aspects. A good performance in BADLs is required for independence and social participation, so they play an important role in early education and early care. We aim to create a tool for BADLs assessment for Spanish preschoolers. Methods: The tool was administered to 303 participants (48.5% boys and 51.5% girls) between three and six years of age. Analyses to find out the factorial structure and internal consistency was carried out. Results: The instrument was composed of 84 items in four scales (eating, personal hygiene, dressing, and daily functioning) with nine factors (oral sensitivity, good manners, manual dexterity, brushing teeth, toilet management, hygiene and grooming, dressing, higher-order and core executive function). Reliability values were from acceptable to preferred (0.74–0.94). Conclusions: The instrument could be useful and shows preliminary good indicators in construct validity and reliability.