Progression of Wave Breaker Types on a Plane Impermeable Slope, Depending on Experimental Design
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Moragues, M. V., & Losada, M. Á. (2021). Progression of wave breaker types on a plane impermeable slope, depending on experimental design. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126, e2021JC017211. [https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JC017211]
SponsorshipJunta de Andalucia 917PTE0538 BIA2015-65598-P; emeritus professorship mentoring program of the University of Granada; PCI2019-103565-SUSME; PID2019-107509GB-I00-ROMPEOLAS; 10.13039/501100011033
The objective of this research was to analyze the progression of breaker types on plane impermeable slopes. This study used dimensional analysis to demonstrate the relative water depth is a key explanatory quantity. The dominant breaker types depend on the incident wave characteristics at the foot of the slope. Accordingly, it is possible to combine values of H, T, and m. The physical experiments of Galvin, recent numerical results, and new experiments, performed on an impermeable 1:10 slope, were used to verify the result. It was thus possible to obtain the progression of breaker types in different sequences of pairs of combined wave H and T values. Once a sequence is defined, the expected progression of breaker types is predictable, and is well approximated by the log-transform of the alternate similarity parameter. Since the classification of breaker types is discontinuous, the data assigned to each type were placed in horizontal lines, based on the value of log(chi). Given that the breaking of a wave train on a slope should be considered a continuous process, the location of some data was corrected to satisfy this assumption. There is thus a functional relationship between the sets of the experimental space and of the breaker types. This research also derives the non-dimensional energy dissipation on the slope, considering the wave-reflected energy flux on the slope. It is proportional to a dimensionless bulk dissipation coefficient which depends on the breaker type and, therefore, on the value of chi at the toe of the slope.