Severe acute pancreatitis of gallblader origin with sequels: pancreatic necrosis, pseudocyst and splenic vein thrombosis
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Archivos de Medicina Universitaria
Severe acute pancreatitisChylous ascitesPancreatic pseudocystLeft portal hypertensionSurgeryPancreatitis aguda graveAscitis quilosaPseudoquiste pancreáticoHipertensión portal izquierdaCirugía
Mochón Benguigui, Sol; Navarro Freire, Francisco. Severe acute pancreatitis of gallblader origin with sequels: pancreatic necrosis, pseudocyst and splenic vein thrombosis. AMU. 2016; 4: 37-41
40 year old male with ulcerative gastritis, cholelithiasis and severe acute pancreatitis with long-term hospital stay, requiring tracheal intubation and tracheotomy. Chyloperitoneum, cholelithiasis and pancreatic pseudocyst with a 90% necrosis without active bleeding were found during surgery. Cholecistectomy, washing and intracavitary necrosectomy, stitching of the small vascular intracystic stump, Roux-en-Y cystojejunostomy, draining of the chyloperitoneum and of the cavity were performed. Chylous ascites persisted and was treated with octeotride, diuretics and fat-free diet supplemented with medium-chain trigliyerides, proteins and vitamins. However, sequels remained including: recurrent acute pancreatitis, splenic vein thrombosis and left portal hypertension. As the patient was not diabetic and the platelet count was 140000 cells/mm3 splenectomy or expectant monitoring were posed as possible choices. The interest of the case is rooted in the diagnosis, treatment and evolution of the chylous ascites, 90% pancreatic necrosis, pseudocyst and splenic vein thrombosis, as well as the repeated admissions.
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