Analysing Educational Interventions with Gifted Students. Systematic Review
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AuthorGarcía Martínez, Inmaculada; Gutiérrez Cáceres, Rafaela; Luque de la Rosa, Antonio; León, Samuel P.
Educational interventionGifted studentsLearning problemsBehavioral problemsSystematic review
García-Martínez, I.; Gutiérrez Cáceres, R.; Luque de la Rosa, A.; León, S.P. Analysing Educational Interventions with Gifted Students. Systematic Review. Children 2021, 8, 365. [https://doi.org/10.3390/children8050365]
(1) Background: Educational attention to gifted students has not been a well-established line of research due to the multiple conceptions about their characterisation. While educational attention has tended to respond to students who present learning difficulties due to their limitations, it has been observed that gifted students may also fail in their studies. The purpose of this study is to examine educational interventions carried out with this population worldwide; (2) Methods: The methodological design is a systematic review, following the PRISMA guidelines, in the Scopus and WOS databases on educational interventions and gifted students; (3) Results: The papers were studied through a qualitative content analysis based on a population of 557 articles, with a final sample of 14, finding a great variety of didactic strategies and models oriented to meet the needs of this group. In relation to the quality of the studies, the lack of pre-post methodological designs focused on performance stands out; (4) Conclusions: Educational research with gifted population demands more interventions personalised to the specific characteristics of the students. In addition, there is a need for further research with quasi-experimental designs with this population to identify quality, not generalised, interventions to meet these needs and replace them with individualised adaptations regarding the needs and interests of these students in order to increase their motivation and reduce failure.