Design of the EBE-ST Questionnaire among Nursing Students: Multicenter Study from Eight Universities in Spain
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Nursing studentsEvidence-based nursingEvidence-based practicesNursing education researchValidity and reliability
Alconero-Camarero, A.R.; Sarabia-Cobo, C.; Antonín-Martin, M.; Borras-Santos, A.; Edo-Gual, M.; Gea-Caballero, V.; Gómez-Urquiza, J.L.; González-López, J.R.; Martínez-Momblán, M.A.; Meneses-Monroy, A.; et al. Design of the EBE-ST Questionnaire among Nursing Students: Multicenter Study from Eight Universities in Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6145. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph18116145
Background: Twenty years after the degree in nursing was introduced in Spain, the subject of evidence-based nursing is still unstructured and unestablished in most faculties. Moreover, there are hardly any rigorous studies at a national level that evaluate the current state of this competence in our faculties. Understanding the starting point is essential for the curricular design to ensure that evidence-based practice is implemented among future professionals. Aim: To design and validate an evidence-based nursing competency questionnaire for fourth-year nursing students. Methods: A specific questionnaire was developed and validated (EBE-ST). A cross-sectional survey design with psychometric validation of an instrument. Participants were 304 senior year nursing students from eight universities in Spain (2020). Results: The EBE-ST questionnaire is composed of 33 items that determine eight factors. It presents adequate reliability and validity (alpha = 0.882), measuring knowledge, attitudes and the practical application of evidence-based practice. Conclusions: We have created an instrument with good psychometric properties to measure evidence-based practice competence among senior nursing students. The heterogeneity of knowledge regarding evidence-based nursing in our country suggests that further reflection is warranted on the incorporation of this topic during undergraduate training. We have designed and validated an evidence-based nursing competency questionnaire specific to nursing students.