Longitudinal Flow Decorrelations in Xe + Xe Collisions at root s(NN )=5.44 TeV with the ATLAS Detector
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American Physical Society
Aad, G., Abbott, B., Abbott, D. C., Abud, A. A., Abeling, K., Abhayasinghe, D. K., ... & Banas, E. (2021). Longitudinal Flow Decorrelations in Xe+ Xe Collisions at s N N= 5.44 TeV with the ATLAS Detector. Physical review letters, 126(12), 122301. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.122301]
SponsorshipANPCyT; YerPhI, Armenia; Australian Research Council; BMWFW, Austria; Austrian Science Fund (FWF); Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS); SSTC, Belarus; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPQ); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); NRC, Canada; Canada Foundation for Innovation; CERN; ANID, Chile; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Ministry of Science and Technology, China; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC); Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnologia e Innovacion Colciencias; Ministry of Education, Youth & Sports - Czech Republic Czech Republic Government Czech Republic Government Czech Republic Government; DNRF, Denmark; Danish Natural Science Research Council; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); CEA-DRF/IRFU, France; SRNSFG, Georgia; Federal Ministry of Education & Research (BMBF); HGF, Germany; Max Planck Society; Greek Ministry of Development-GSRT; RGC, China; Hong Kong SAR, China; Israel Science Foundation; Benoziyo Center, Israel; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT); Japan Society for the Promotion of Science; CNRST, Morocco; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO); Netherlands Government; RCN, Norway; Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland; NCN, Poland; Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology European Commission; MNE/IFA, Romania; JINR; Russian Federation; NRC KI, Russian Federation; MESTD, Serbia; MESTD, Serbia; MSSR, Slovakia; Slovenian Research Agency - Slovenia; MIZS, Slovenia; DST/NRF, South Africa; Spanish Government; SRC, Sweden; Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; SERI, Switzerland; Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF); Canton of Bern, Switzerland; Canton of Geneva, Switzerland; Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan; Ministry of Energy & Natural Resources - Turkey; UK Research & Innovation (UKRI); Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC); United States Department of Energy (DOE); National Science Foundation (NSF); BCKDF, Canada; CANARIE, Canada; Compute Canada, Canada; CRC, Canada; IVADO, Canada; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission; COST, European Union; European Research Council (ERC); ERDF, European Union; Horizon 2020, European Union; Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions, European Union; French National Research Agency (ANR); French National Research Agency (ANR); German Research Foundation (DFG); Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; Herakleitos programme - EU-ESF, Greece; Thales programme - EU-ESF, Greece; Aristeia programme - EU-ESF, Greece; Greek NSRF, Greece; BSF-NSF, Israel; German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development; La Caixa Banking Foundation, Spain; CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain; PROMETEO Programme Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; GenT Programme Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; Goran Gustafssons Stiftelse, Sweden; Royal Society of London; Leverhulme Trust
The first measurement of longitudinal decorrelations of harmonic flow amplitudes v(n) for n = 2-4 in Xe + Xe collisions at root s(NN) = 5.44 TeV is obtained using 3 mu b(-1) of data with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The decorrelation signal for v(3) and v(4) is found to be nearly independent of collision centrality and transverse momentum (p(T)) requirements on fmal-state particles, but for v(2) a strong centrality and p(T) dependence is seen. When compared with the results from Pb + Pb collisions at. root s(NN) = 5.02 TcV, the longitudinal decorrelation signal in midcentral Xe + Xe collisions is found to be larger for v(2), but smaller for v(3). Current hydrodynamic models reproduce the ratios of the v(n) measured in Xe + Xe collisions to those in Pb + Pb collisions but fail to describe the magnitudes and trends of the ratios of longitudinal flow decorrelations between Xe + Xe and Pb + Pb. The results on the system-size dependence provide new insights and an important lever arm to separate effects of the longitudinal structure of the initial state from other early and late time effects in heavy-ion collisions.