In Search of a Long-Awaited Consensus on Disciplinary Integration in STEM Education
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AuthorAguilera Morales, David; Lupiáñez Gómez, José Luis; Vílchez González, José Miguel; Perales Palacios, Francisco Javier
STEM educationSTEM literacyFrameworkDisciplinary integrationTeaching methods
Aguilera, D.; Lupiáñez, J.L.; Vílchez-González, J.M.; Perales-Palacios, F.J. In Search of a Long-Awaited Consensus on Disciplinary Integration in STEM Education. Mathematics 2021, 9, 597. [https://doi.org/10.3390/math9060597]
SponsorshipMinistry of Science, Innovation and Universities (Spain) PGC2018-095765-B-I00
The emergence of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) in research and the practice of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education is today an unquestionable fact at international level. Despite the importance attached to STEM education, there is a lack of synthesized approaches to teaching the interdisciplinarity of STEM. This lack of synthesis can hinder a strong theoretical foundation for STEM education and possible new contributions. The purpose of this position paper is to contribute a theoretical framework for STEM education that enables the unification of criteria regarding disciplinary integration and associated teaching methods. The authors discuss disciplinary integration in STEM activities, the implication of STEM literacy, educational stage, and teaching method, and provide suggestions for future research.