Different Levels of Smart and Sustainable Cities Construction Using e-Participation Tools in European and Central Asian Countries
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Smart citiesDeveloped and developing countriesE-participationSustainable DevelopmentCitizen-centric cities
Alcaide Muñoz, L.; Rodríguez Bolívar, M.P. Different Levels of Smart and Sustainable Cities Construction Using e-Participation Tools in European and Central Asian Countries. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3561. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063561
SponsorshipCentre of Andalusian Studies (Research proj. No. PR137/19); Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (Research proj. No. RTI2018-095344-A100)
Cities are developing strategies to deal with the complex challenges of global change and sustainability. These initiatives have involved the implementation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) as a good driver for achieving sustainability because digital transformation can boost sustainable development strategies, providing opportunities to accelerate transformation. Smart City (SC) models built on empowering people in making public decisions favor access to sustainable development solutions based on knowledge and innovation. Nonetheless, SC experiences around the world denote divergent conceptions of SCs which could lead to different SCs construction. It deserves a more thorough understanding of the nature of collaboration in different settings. Therefore, this paper contributes to the debate on the different uses of ICTs in SCs construction in developing vs. developed countries, by examining the use of ICTs for creating collaborative environments in a sample of SCs in different countries, depending on their economic level, and seeking to identify differences in the objectives pursued by city governments with the use of these technologies. To achieve this aim, e-participation platforms, apps or social media platforms (European and Central Asia SCs) are examined for identifying SCs construction differences between developed vs. developing countries. The findings of this paper put an emphasis on the need for taking into account the differences among SCs in developed vs. developing countries when raking or when performance measurement is designed, because the assessment should be tailored to the cities’ particular visions and priorities for achieving their objectives.