Sexist Myths Emergency Healthcare Professionals and Factors Associated with the Detection of Intimate Partner Violence in Women
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AuthorMartínez García, Encarnación; Martín Salvador, Adelina; Gázquez López, María; Alvarez Serrano, Maria Adelaida
Intimate partner violenceEmergency departmentReadinessHealthcare professionalsMultivariate analysis
Martínez-García, E.; Montiel-Mesa, V.; Esteban-Vilchez, B.; Bracero-Alemany, B.; MartínSalvador, A.; Gázquez-López, M.; Pérez-Morente, M.Á.; AlvarezSerrano, M.A. Sexist Myths Emergency Healthcare Professionals and Factors Associated with the Detection of Intimate Partner Violence in Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5568. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph18115568
SponsorshipSupport and Promotion of Research on Equality and Inclusion, programme 50 of the Research and Transfer Plan (University of Granada)
This study analysed the capacity of emergency physicians and nurses working in the city of Granada (Spain) to respond to intimate partner violence (IPV) against women, and the mediating role of certain factors and opinions towards certain sexist myths in the detection of cases. This is a cross-sectional study employing the physician readiness to manage intimate partner violence survey (PREMIS) between October 2020 and January 2021, with 164 surveys analysed. Descriptive and analytical statistics were applied, designing three multivariate regression models by considering opinions about different sexist myths. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were considered for the detection of cases. In the past six months, 34.8% of professionals reported that they had identified some cases of IPV, particularly physicians (OR = 2.47, 95% CI = 1.14–5.16; OR = 2.65, 95% CI = 1.26–5.56). Those who did not express opinions towards sexist myths related to the understanding of the victim or the consideration of alcohol/drug abuse as the main causes of violence and showed a greater probability of detecting a case (NS) (OR = 1.26 and OR = 1.65, respectively). In order to confirm the indicia found, further research is required, although there tends to be a common opinion towards the certain sexual myth of emergency department professionals not having an influence on IPV against women.