Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Rare Diseases during the COVID-19 Pandemic
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AuthorSánchez García, Juan Carlos; Cortés Martín, Jonathan; Rodríguez Blanque, Raquel; Marín Jiménez, Ana Eugenia; Montiel Troya, María; Díaz Rodríguez, Consuelo Lourdes
Rare diseaseDepressionAnxietyCOVID-19SARS CoV-2Pandemic
Sánchez-García, J.C.; Cortés-Martín, J.; Rodríguez-Blanque, R.; Marín-Jiménez, A.E.; Montiel-Troya, M.; Díaz-Rodríguez, L. Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Rare Diseases during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3234. [https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063234]
Scientific knowledge on depression and anxiety in patients with rare diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic is scarce; however, it is essential to perform comprehensive management of these patients. The aim of this study was to research how the situation caused by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has influenced the lives of patients with rare diseases regarding depression and anxiety. This Spanish study considered a heterogeneous population sample of 86 patients with confirmed diagnosis of different rare diseases. Participants took part in a cross-sectional online study by completing specific questionnaires on the study topic. Depression was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and the General Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) was used for evaluating anxiety. Data collection through an online questionnaire allowed for a greater population scope and therefore the inclusion patients of other nationalities in the study sample. Finally, as a general result, this study found that, in the face of the pandemic, anxiety and depression remained at a higher level in this group than in the general population, making these patients a vulnerable population group.