Religion: Interrelationships and Opinions in Children and Adolescents. Interaction between Age and Beliefs
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AuthorLópez Cordero, Rafael; Ruiz Garzón, Francisca; Medina Martínez, Lourdes; Olmos Gómez, María Del Carmen
ReligionsRelationships educationValue educationEducation studiesReligious educationAdolescent educationSpiritual dimension of childhood
Cordero, Rafael López, Francisca Ruiz Garzón, Lourdes Medina Martínez, and María del Carmen Olmos-Gómez. 2021. Religion: Interrelationships and Opinions in Children and Adolescents. Interaction between Age and Beliefs. Religions 12: 357. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12050357
SponsorshipUNES. Universidad, escuela y sociedad. Ciencias Sociales (Cod.: HUM985)
The current trend of secularization seems to be leading to a gradual withdrawal of religion from public spaces. However, in an increasingly internationalized world, it is becoming more and more important to study the roles of religion and religiosity and their potential in relation to dialogue and social conflicts and tensions. Education is a vital field within which to address this religious issue and create an educational dialogue in order to promote coexistence. By following a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study, based on a quasi-experimental methodology with a social–analytical character, our aim is to assess the existing connections between religion, interrelation and opinion in Spanish children and adolescents. Special attention is paid to the interaction between age and beliefs. We carried out our study with the use of a questionnaire distributed to eleven secondary schools, with students aged between 11 and 16 years old, in three regions of southern Spain (Andalusia, Ceuta, and Melilla) characterized by high religious diversity and multiculturalism. The multivariate analysis carried out in this study identifies the effects of variance on the influence of age and religion, highlighting the interaction between the two. It is observed that the youngest students are those who express their opinions about religion the least, while those belonging to younger age groups and majority religions are those who express a greater religious coexistence, with Muslims externalizing their religious condition the most.