Poly(ethylene-imine)-Functionalized Magnetite Nanoparticles Derivatized with Folic Acid: Heating and Targeting Properties
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AuthorOrtega Muñoz, Mariano; Plesselova, Simona; Delgado Mora, Ángel Vicente; Santoyo González, Francisco; Salto González, Rafael; Girón González, María Dolores; Iglesias Salto, Guillermo Ramón; López Jaramillo, Javier
Alternating magnetic fieldCell viabilityFolic acidMagnetic HyperthermiaMagnetitePoly(ethylene-imine)Nanotoxicity
Ortega-Muñoz, M.; Plesselova, S.; Delgado, A.V.; Santoyo-Gonzalez, F.; Salto-Gonzalez, R.; Giron-Gonzalez, M.D.; Iglesias, G.R.; López-Jaramillo, F.J. Poly(ethylene-imine)-Functionalized Magnetite Nanoparticles Derivatized with Folic Acid: Heating and Targeting Properties. Polymers 2021, 13, 1599. https://doi.org/10.3390/ polym13101599
SponsorshipSpanish Institutions: Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (PGC2018-098770-B-I00 and CTQ2017-86125-P); Junta de Andalucía (ProgramaOperativo FEDER 2014-2020, grants B-FQM-141-UGR18, A1-FQM-341-UGR-18, C-FQM-497-UGR18)
Magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) coated by branched poly (ethylene-imine) (PEI) were synthesized in a one-pot. Three molecular weights of PEI were tested, namely, 1.8 kDa (sample MNP-1), 10 kDa (sample MNP-2), and 25 kDa (sample MNP-3). The MNP-1 particles were further functionalized with folic acid (FA) (sample MNP-4). The four types of particles were found to behave magnetically as superparamagnetic, with MNP-1 showing the highest magnetization saturation. The particles were evaluated as possible hyperthermia agents by subjecting them to magnetic fields of 12 kA/m strength and frequencies ranging between 115 and 175 kHz. MNP-1 released the maximum heating power, reaching 330 W/g at the highest frequency, in the high side of reported values for spherical MNPs. In vitro cell viability assays of MNP-1 and MNP-4 against three cell lines expressing different levels of FA receptors (FR), namely, HEK (low expression), and HeLa (high expression), and HepG2 (high expression), demonstrated that they are not cytotoxic. When the cells were incubated in the presence of a 175 kHz magnetic field, a significant reduction in cell viability and clone formation was obtained for the high expressing FR cells incubated with MNP-4, suggesting that MNP-4 particles are good candidates for magnetic field hyperthermia and active targeting.