Association of Self-Reported Physical Fitness with Pregnancy Related Symptoms the GESTAFIT Project
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AuthorMarín Jiménez, Nuria; Borges Cosic, Milkana; Ocón Hernández, Olga; Coll Risco, Irene; De la Flor Alemany, Marta; Baena García, Laura; Aparicio García-Molina, Virginia
International Fitness ScaleGestationStrengthFlexibilityCardiorespiratory fitnessAgilityPregnancy discomfort
Marín-Jiménez, N.; Borges-Cosic, M.; Ocón-Hernández, O.; Coll-Risco, I.; Flor-Alemany, M.; Baena-García, L.; Castro-Piñero, J.; Aparicio, V.A. Association of Self-Reported Physical Fitness with Pregnancy Related Symptoms the GESTAFIT Project. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3345. [https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073345]
SponsorshipRegional Ministry of Health of the Junta de Andalucia PI-0395-2016; Research and Knowledge Transfer Fund (PPIT); Excellence Actions Programme: Scientific Units of Excellence (UCEES); Regional Ministry of Economy, Knowledge, Enterprises and University; European Commission SOMM17/6107/UGR; Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports FPU17/03715
We explored the association of physical fitness (PF) with pregnancy-related symptoms, at the 16th and 34th gestational weeks (g.w.). The International Fitness Scale and the Pregnancy Symptoms Inventory were employed to assess self-reported PF and pregnancy-related symptoms, respectively. At the 16th g.w. greater self-reported overall PF was associated with lower incidence of urinary frequency (p = 0.020); greater overall PF, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), muscular strength and speed-agility were associated with lower incidence of tiredness-fatigue (all, p < 0.05); greater overall PF and speed-agility were associated with lower incidence of poor sleep (both, p < 0.05); greater CRF and flexibility were associated with lower limitations by tiredness-fatigue (both, p < 0.05); and greater flexibility was associated with lower limitations by poor sleep (p = 0.021). At the 34th g.w. greater self-reported overall PF, CRF and muscular strength were associated with lower incidence of tiredness-fatigue (all, p < 0.05); greater CRF was associated with lower incidence of poor sleep (p = 0.019); and, greater flexibility was associated with lower incidence of increased vaginal discharge (p = 0.023). Adequate levels of PF, especially CRF, may help women to cope with the most endorsed pregnancy-related symptoms and its limitations, especially tiredness-fatigue and poor sleep.