A New Approach to the Identification of Palliative Care Needs and Advanced Chronic Patients among Nursing Home Residents
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AuthorEsteban Burgos, Ana Alejandra; Lozano Terrón, María José; Puente Fernández, Daniel; Hueso Montoro, César; Montoya Juárez, Rafael; García Caro, María Paz
Palliative careChronic patientNursing homesPalliative needsElderlyResidentsAdvanced chronicityFrailtyComplexityPrognosis
Esteban-Burgos, A.A.; Lozano-Terrón, M.J.; Puente- Fernandez, D.; Hueso-Montoro, C.; Montoya-Juárez, R.; García-Caro, M.P. A New Approach to the Identification of Palliative Care Needs and Advanced Chronic Patients among Nursing Home Residents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3171. [https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063171]
SponsorshipJunta de Andalucia AP-0105-2016
Background: Proper planning of Palliative Care in nursing homes requires advanced knowledge of the care needs that residents show. The aim of the study was to evaluate Palliative Needs and other conditions such as fragility, complexity, and prognosis and also to suggest new indicators for the establishment of the resident's advanced chronic condition. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted in 149 nursing homes Complex Chronic residents evaluated by trained professionals. Palliative Care Needs, assessed by the NECPAL ICO-CCOMS (c) tool, and fragility, case and palliative complexity and prognosis were evaluate through a comprehensive assessment. Descriptive analyses and association measures were performed setting the statistical significance at 0.05. Results: More than 50% of the residents had positive Surprise Question and other Palliative Needs and were classified as Advanced Chronic Patients. Distress and/or Severe Adaptative Disorder was the most frequent need shown by the residents and significant differences in levels of frailty and other characteristics, were found between the Positive and the Negative Surprise Question Groups. Statistically significant correlations were also found between aspects of both groups. Conclusions: Nursing homes residents show Palliative Needs regardless of the response to the Surprise Question of the NECPAL tool. Other characteristics such as presence of an intermediate level of frailty are suggested as a new perspective to identify advanced chronic patients among nursing homes residents.