Psychological (In) Flexibility Mediates the Effect of Loneliness on Psychological Stress. Evidence from a Large Sample of University Professors
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AuthorOrtega-Jiménez, David; Ruisoto, Pablo; Díaz Bretones, Francisco José; del Rocío Ramírez, Marina; Vaca Gallegos, Silvia
Psychosocial factorsPsychological (in)flexibilityProfessorMental health
Ortega-Jiménez, D.; Ruisoto, P.; Bretones, F.D.; Ramírez, M.d.R.; Vaca Gallegos, S. Psychological (In)Flexibility Mediates the Effect of Loneliness on Psychological Stress. Evidence from a Large Sample of University Professors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2992. [https:// doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062992]
SponsorshipUniversidad Tecnica Particular de Loja (Ecuador) PROY.PSC.1055; National Council for the Control of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (CONSEP)
Psychological stress, loneliness, and psychological inflexibility are associated with poorer mental health and professional performance in university teachers. However, the relationship between these variables is understudied. The aim of the present study is to analyze the mediating role of psychological (in)flexibility on the effect of loneliness on psychological stress. A total of 902 professors from 11 universities in Ecuador were analyzed using standardized scales: the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14) to assess psychological stress, the Loneliness Scale Revised-Short (UCLA-3) for loneliness, and the Avoidance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-7) and Life Engagement Test as double measures of psychological (in)flexibility. Mediation was tested by using PROCESS macro for SPSS. The results indicated that psychological flexibility mediated the relationship between loneliness and stress in university professors, regardless of sex and the measure of psychological (in)flexibility considered. The practical implications of the results are discussed herein.