Modulation of the Magnetic Hyperthermia Response Using Different Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticle Morphologies
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Reyes-Ortega, F.; Delgado, Á.V.; Iglesias, G.R. Modulation of the Magnetic Hyperthermia Response Using Different Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticle Morphologies. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 627. [https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11030627]
SponsorshipMineco RyC-2014-16901; Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion y Universidades PGC2018-098770-B-I00; Junta de Andalucia BF-FQM-141-UGR18 A1-FQM-34-UGR-18 C-FQM-497-UGR18
The use of magnetic nanoparticles in hyperthermia, that is, heating induced by alternating magnetic fields, is gaining interest as a non-invasive, free of side effects technique that can be considered as a co-adjuvant of other cancer treatments. Having sufficient control on the field characteristics, within admissible limits, the focus is presently on the magnetic material. In the present contribution, no attempt has been made of using other composition than superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION), or of applying surface functionalization, which opens a wider range of choices. We have used a hydrothermal synthesis route that allows preparing SPION nanoparticles in the 40 nm size range, with spherical, cuboidal or rod-like shapes, by minor changes in the synthesis steps. The three kinds of particles (an attempt to produce star-shaped colloids yielded hematite) were demonstrated to have the magnetite (or maghemite) crystallinity. Magnetization cycles showed virtually no hysteresis and demonstrated the superparamagnetic nature of the particles, cuboidal ones displaying saturation magnetization comparable to bulk magnetite, followed by rods and spheres. The three types were used as hyperthermia agents using magnetic fields of 20 kA/m amplitude and frequency in the range 136-205 kHz. All samples demonstrated to be able to raise the solution temperature from room values to 45 degrees C in a mere 60 s. Not all of them performed the same way, though. Cuboidal magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) displayed the maximum heating power (SAR or specific absorption rate), ranging in fact among the highest reported with these geometries and raw magnetite composition.