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dc.contributor.authorMartín Ríos, Raquel
dc.contributor.authorLópez Torrecillas, Francisca 
dc.contributor.authorMartín Tamayo, Ignacio 
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-28T07:35:19Z
dc.date.available2021-04-28T07:35:19Z
dc.date.issued2021-03-15
dc.identifier.citationMartín Ríos R, López-Torrecillas F and Martín Tamayo I (2021) Executive Functions in Tobacco Use Disorder: New Challenges and Opportunities. Front. Psychiatry 12:586520. doi: [https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.586520]es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10481/68158
dc.descriptionThe raw data supporting the conclusions of this article will be made available by the authors, without undue reservationes_ES
dc.descriptionThe studies involving human participants were reviewed and approved by Bioethics Committee of the University of Granada (Spain). The patients/participants provided their written informed consent to participate in this study.es_ES
dc.descriptionThe authors would like to thank the research participants for their time and dedication.es_ES
dc.description.abstractThere is increasing evidence that executive functions have significative effects on nicotine abuse. An unresolved challenge for smoking cessation interventions is the detection of factors associated with nicotine use. In order to understand how cognition is affected by nicotine abuse, this study was designed to determine the relationship between years of smoking addiction and several variables of executive functions. The sample was composed of 174 smokers, whose age ranged between 27 and 69 years old (M = 47.44; SD = 8.48). Smokers were assessed at baseline with measures of cognitive inhibition [Go/No Go Task and Five Digit Test (FDT)], updating [Visual Search and Attention Test (VSAT) and Letter-Number Sequencing (WAIS IV)] and shifting [Delay Discounting Task (DDT) and Iowa Gambling Task (IGT)] while the outcome measure was years of smoking. The linear regression and correlation analysis highlighting that the variable which has the strongest association with years of smoking is updating. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANCOVA) followed by Tukey post-hoc tests revealed significant differences such that heavy smoking indicated worse performance than light smoking on updating tasks. These findings report the ability of working memory to predict years of smoking and suggest that cigarette packaging warning may experience a loss of effectiveness in heavy smokers.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherFrontiers Research Foundationes_ES
dc.rightsAtribución 3.0 España*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/*
dc.subjectSmokinges_ES
dc.subjectNeuropsychological assessmentes_ES
dc.subjectExecutive functiones_ES
dc.subjectWorking memoryes_ES
dc.subjectTobacco es_ES
dc.titleExecutive Functions in Tobacco Use Disorder: New Challenges and Opportunitieses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyt.2021.586520
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_ES


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Atribución 3.0 España
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución 3.0 España