Measurement of light-by-light scattering and search for axion-like particles with 2.2 nb−1 of Pb+Pb data with the ATLAS detector
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Hadron-Hadron scattering (experiments)
The ATLAS collaboration., Aad, G., Abbott, B. et al. Measurement of light-by-light scattering and search for axion-like particles with 2.2 nb−1 of Pb+Pb data with the ATLAS detector. J. High Energ. Phys. 2021, 243 (2021). [https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP03(2021)243]
SponsorshipANPCyT; YerPhI, Armenia; Australian Research Council; BMWFW, Austria; Austrian Science Fund (FWF); Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS); SSTC, Belarus; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); NRC, Canada; Canada Foundation for Innovation; CERN; ANID, Chile; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Ministry of Science and Technology, China; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC); Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnologia e Innovacion Colciencias; Ministry of Education, Youth & Sports - Czech Republic Czech Republic Government; DNRF, Denmark; Danish Natural Science Research Council; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); CEA-DRF/IRFU, France; SRNSFG, Georgia; Federal Ministry of Education & Research (BMBF); HGF, Germany; Max Planck Society; Greek Ministry of Development-GSRT; RGC, China; Hong Kong SAR, China; Israel Science Foundation; Benoziyo Center, Israel; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT); Japan Society for the Promotion of Science; CNRST, Morocco; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Netherlands Government; RCN, Norway; Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland NCN, Poland; Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology; European Commission; MNE/IFA, Romania; JINR; Russian Federation NRC KI, Russian Federation; MESTD, Serbia; MSSR, Slovakia; Slovenian Research Agency - Slovenia; MIZS, Slovenia; DST/NRF, South Africa; Spanish Government; SRC, Sweden Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; SERI, Switzerland; Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) Canton of Bern, Switzerland Canton of Geneva, Switzerland; Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan; Ministry of Energy & Natural Resources - Turkey; UK Research & Innovation (UKRI); Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC); United States Department of Energy (DOE); National Science Foundation (NSF); BCKDF, Canada; CANARIE, Canada; Compute Canada, Canada; CRC, Canada IVADO, Canada; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission; COST, European Union; European Research Council (ERC); ERDF, European Union; Horizon 2020, European Union; Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions, European Union; French National Research Agency (ANR); German Research Foundation (DFG); Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; Herakleitos programme - EU-ESF, Greece; Thales programme - EU-ESF, Greece; Aristeia programme - EU-ESF, Greece; Greek NSRF, Greece; BSF-NSF, Israel; German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development; La Caixa Banking Foundation, Spain; CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain; PROMETEO Programme Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; GenT Programme Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; Goran Gustafssons Stiftelse, Sweden; Royal Society of London; Leverhulme Trust
This paper describes a measurement of light-by-light scattering based on Pb+Pb collision data recorded by the ATLAS experiment during Run 2 of the LHC. The study uses 2.2 nb(-1) of integrated luminosity collected in 2015 and 2018 at root sNN = 5.02TeV. Light-by-light scattering candidates are selected in events with two photons produced exclusively, each with transverse energy E-T(gamma) > 2.5 GeV, pseudorapidity vertical bar eta(gamma)vertical bar < 2.37, diphoton invariant mass m(gamma gamma) > 5 GeV, and with small diphoton transverse momentum and diphoton acoplanarity. The integrated and differential fiducial cross sections are measured and compared with theoretical predictions. The diphoton invariant mass distribution is used to set limits on the production of axion-like particles. This result provides the most stringent limits to date on axion-like particle production for masses in the range 6-100 GeV. Cross sections above 2 to 70 nb are excluded at the 95% CL in that mass interval.