Individual differences in the appreciation and interpretation of subversive humor against sexism versus sexist humor: The role of feminist identity and hostile sexism
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Subversive humor against sexismSexist humorFeminist identityHostile sexismIndividual differences
Publisher version: A. R. Riquelme et al. Individual differences in the appreciation and interpretation of subversive humor against sexism versus sexist humor: The role of feminist identity and hostile sexism. Personality and Individual Differences 177 (2021) 110794 [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.110794]
SponsorshipThis work was finacilly supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and University under Grant Ref. PDI2019-104239GB-100 (State Research Agency / 10.13039/501100011033) and Programa Operativo FEDER 2018 under Grant Ref. B-SEJ-135-UGR18.
In two studies, we analyzed the differences in the appreciation (i.e., funniness and aversiveness) and interpretation (i.e., criticism of sexism and woman and man disparagement) of subversive humor against sexism compared to sexist humor. In Study 1 (n = 202), we used a confirmatory factor analysis to verify the independence of subversive humor and sexist humor. The pattern of relations between feminist identity and the appreciation and interpretation of subversive humor against sexism was the opposite to that found between feminist identity and the appreciation and interpretation of sexist humor. The same happened with the relations between hostile sexism and subversive humor vs. sexist humor. In Study 2 (n = 169), we experimentally manipulated the type of humor. The pattern of interactions between type of humor and feminist identity was the opposite to that found between type of humor and hostile sexism. Both studies revealed that the appreciation of subversive humor was higher in more feminist participants but the appreciation of sexist humor was higher in more sexist participants. Participants with the highest levels of feminist identity and the lowest levels of hostile sexism perceived the greatest criticism of sexism in subversive humor and the highest woman disparagement in sexist humor.