Native Plant Capacity for Gentle Remediation in Heavily Polluted Mines
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AuthorJiménez Morales, María Noelia; Bacchetta, Gianluigi; Navarro, Francisco Bruno; Casti, Mauro; Fernández Ondoño, Emilia
Translocation factorBioaccumulation factorGentle remediationMediterranean vascular flora
Jiménez, M.N.; Bacchetta, G.; Navarro, F.B.; Casti, M.; Fernández-Ondoño, E. Native Plant Capacity for Gentle Remediation in Heavily Polluted Mines. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 1769. [https://doi.org/10.3390/app11041769]
SponsorshipJunta de Andalucia
The use of plant species to stabilize and accumulate trace elements in contaminated soils is considered of great usefulness given the difficulty of decontaminating large areas subjected to mining for long periods. In this work, the bioaccumulation of trace elements is studied by relating the concentrations in leaves and roots of three plants of Mediterranean distribution (Dittrichia viscosa, Cistus salviifolius, Euphorbia pithyusa subsp. cupanii) with the concentrations of trace elements in contaminated and uncontaminated soils. Furthermore, in the case of D. viscosa, to know the concentration of each element by biomass, the pool of trace elements was determined both in the aerial part and in the roots. The bioaccumulation factor was not high enough in any of the species studied to be considered as phytoextractors. However, species like the ones studied in this work that live on soils with a wide range of concentration of trace elements and that develop a considerable biomass could be considered for stabilization of contaminated soils. The plant species studied in this work are good candidates for gentle-remediation options in the polluted Mediterranean.