Typology Selection of Retaining Walls Based on Multicriteria Decision-Making Methods
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AuthorMuñoz-Medina, Belén; Ordóñez García, Bonifacio Javier; Romana, Manuel G.; Lara-Galera, Antonio
Multicriteria decision-makingRetaining wallSelection criteriaConstruction requirementsAHP methodVIKOR methodTOPSIS method
Muñoz-Medina, B.; Ordóñez, J.; Romana, M.G.; Lara-Galera, A. Typology Selection of Retaining Walls Based on Multicriteria Decision-Making Methods. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 1457. [https://doi.org/10.3390/app11041457]
In civil engineering and construction, in the selection of the most adequate and sustainable alternative, all of the alternatives and selection criteria, such as the requirements of the construction process (which are often overlooked) and the preferences of designers, clients, or contractors, are not always taken into account. The purpose of this article is to suggest a methodology that may allow studying all of the possible alternatives to find the most ideal solution among all of the existing possibilities for the selection of retaining walls to be built in infrastructures in different environments. For this purpose, all typologies of retaining walls and selection criteria (external requirements, construction requirements, characteristics of the natural land and economic criteria) are first identified. Subsequently, a simple methodological method is proposed, allowing the relative importance of each criterion to be established and allowing us to select the most suitable solution for each situation by successively applying different multicriteria decision-making methods. Finally, the methodology developed is applied to two projects in different locations with different constraints. The results obtained provide a set of compromise solutions that remain as best-rank alternatives when the weights of the criteria change. Therefore, the methodology developed can be applied to the selection of typologies of other structures in future projects.