Association of Cardiorespiratory Fitness with Achievement Motivation in Physical Education in Adolescents
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Physical fitnessCompetencesMusicYouthSexShuttle run testPhysical activity
Cadenas-Sanchez, C.; Lamoneda, J.; Huertas-Delgado, F.J. Association of Cardiorespiratory Fitness with Achievement Motivation in Physical Education in Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2317. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph18052317
SponsorshipSpanish Government FJC2018-037925-I
Cardiorespiratory fitness is an important health marker in adolescents. Thus, examining the relation between cardiorespiratory fitness and motivation should be important to increase healthrelated behaviors. This study aimed to describe adolescents’ cardiorespiratory fitness and motivation by gender and to analyze the association between two cardiorespiratory fitness tests (original and with music) and motivation. A total of 341 adolescents (14.2 ± 1.5 years, 52.2% girls) participated in this study. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed using the 20 m shuttle run and its adaptation with music. Motivation was assessed though the “Achievement Motivation towards Physical Education” questionnaire. Boys presented with higher cardiorespiratory fitness and motivation (all, p < 0.05). Yet, when classifying fit and unfit groups, a higher percentage of girls were considered fit compared to boys (85.8% vs. 74.5%). A higher level of cardiorespiratory fitness (stages) and VO2max were associated with a higher level of motivation (self-perceived competence and compared competence) and lower anxiety (all p < 0.05). These associations with motivation were stronger when the music was present in the test. In this sense, including music in activities focused on cardiorespiratory fitness could increase the cardiorespiratory fitness performance and motivation, especially in girls. It should be important to increase adolescents’ cardiorespiratory fitness levels in order to increase motivation in physical education lessons and to include more motivational activities in order to achieve higher performance.