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dc.contributor.authorBosson, Jennifer K.
dc.contributor.authorLemus Martín, Soledad De 
dc.contributor.authorMoreno Bella, Eva 
dc.contributor.authorZapata Calvente, Antonella Ludmila
dc.identifier.citationPublisher version: Bosson JK, Jurek P, Vandello JA, et al. Psychometric Properties and Correlates of Precarious Manhood Beliefs in 62 Nations. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. March 2021. [10.1177/0022022121997997]es_ES
dc.descriptionThe author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was funded by a Grant from the National Science Centre in Poland (Grant Number: 2017/26/M/HS6/00360) awarded to Natasza Kosakowska-Berezecka. Data collection by the following researchers was supported by Grants as follows: Emma C. O'Connor (Grant RL5GM118963 from National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health; Angel Gomez (Grant RTI2018-093550-B-I00 from the Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, Spain); Sylvie Graf and Martina Hrebickova (Grant 20-01214S from the Czech Science Foundation, and Grant RVO: 68081740 from the Institute of Psychology, Czech Academy of Sciences); Teri A. Kirby (Grant ES/S00274X/1 from the Economic and Social Research Council); Soledad de Lemus (Grant PSI2016-79971-P from Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through the excellence); Michelle K. Ryan and Renata Bongiorno (Grant ERC-2016-COG 725128 from the European Research Council awarded to Michelle K. Ryan); Marie Gustafsson Senden, Anna Lindqvist and Emma Renstrom (Grant 2017-00414 from the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life, and Welfare); Claudio V. Torres (Grant DPI/DIRPE n. 04/2019 from the University of Brasilia).es_ES
dc.descriptionThis study was preregistered in Open Science Framework at
dc.description.abstractPrecarious manhood beliefs portray manhood, relative to womanhood, as a social status that is hard to earn, easy to lose, and proven via public action. Whereas qualitative and ethnographic data suggest that many cultures conceptualize manhood as precarious, quantitative research has yet to demonstrate the cross-cultural consistency of precarious manhood beliefs. Here, we examined the psychometric isomorphism, or measurement invariance, of a brief precarious manhood beliefs scale (the PMB). Using data from university samples in 62 countries across 13 world regions (N=33,417), we examined: (1) the isomorphism of the PMB across individual and country levels; (2) the PMB’s distinctness from, and associations with, other cross-culturally validated gender ideologies (e.g., ambivalent sexism and ambivalence toward men; Glick & Fiske, 1996, 1999); and (3) associations of the PMB with country-level indices of gender equality (the GGGI; World Economic Forum, 2019) and human development (the HDI; United Nations Development Programme, 2019). Findings indicate that the PMB is a psychometrically valid and isomorphic index of beliefs about the male gender role that accounts for unique variance in country-level gender equality and human development.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Science Center, Poland 2017/26/M/HS6/00360es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUnited States Department of Health & Human Services National Institutes of Health (NIH) - USA NIH National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) RL5GM118963es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, Spain RTI2018-093550-B-I00es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipGrant Agency of the Czech Republic 20-01214Ses_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipInstitute of Psychology, Czech Academy of Sciences RVO: 68081740es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUK Research & Innovation (UKRI) Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) ES/S00274X/1es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness PSI2016-79971-Pes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Research Council (ERC) European Commission ERC-2016-COG 725128es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSwedish Research Council Swedish Research Council for Health Working Life & Welfare (Forte) 2017-00414es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Brasilia 04/2019es_ES
dc.publisherSage Publicationses_ES
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.subjectPsychometric isomorphismes_ES
dc.subjectPrecarious manhood beliefses_ES
dc.subjectAmbivalent sexismes_ES
dc.subjectAmbivalence toward menes_ES
dc.titlePsychometric Properties and Correlates of Precarious Manhood Beliefs in 62 Nationses_ES

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Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España