Medium-Induced Modification of Z-Tagged Charged Particle Yields in Pb + Pb Collisions at 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS Detector
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Aad, G., Abbott, B., Abbott, D. C., Abud, A. A., Abeling, K., Abhayasinghe, D. K., ... & Baldin, E. M. (2021). Medium-induced modification of Z-tagged charged particle yields in Pb+ Pb collisions at 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector. Physical review letters, 126(7), 072301. [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.072301]
SponsorshipANPCyT; YerPhI, Armenia; Australian Research Council; BMWFW, Austria; Austrian Science Fund (FWF); Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS); SSTC, Belarus; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); NRC, Canada; Canada Foundation for Innovation; CERN; Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT); Chinese Academy of Sciences; Ministry of Science and Technology, China; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC); Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Colciencias; Ministry of Education, Youth & Sports - Czech Republic Czech Republic Government; Czech Republic Government; DNRF, Denmark; Danish Natural Science Research Council; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); CEA-DRF/IRFU, France; SRNSFG, Georgia; Federal Ministry of Education & Research (BMBF); HGF, Germany; Max Planck Society; Greek Ministry of Development-GSRT; RGC, China; Hong Kong SAR, China; Israel Science Foundation; Benoziyo Center, Israel; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT) Japan Society for the Promotion of Science; CNRST, Morocco; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Netherlands Government; RCN, Norway; Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland; NCN, Poland; Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology European Commission; MNE/IFA, Romania; MES of Russia, Russia Federation; NRC KI, Russia Federation; JINR; MESTD, Serbia; MSSR, Slovakia; Slovenian Research Agency - Slovenia; MIZS, Slovenia; DST/NRF, South Africa; Spanish Government; SRC, Sweden; Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; SERI, Switzerland; Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF); Canton of Bern, Switzerland; Canton of Geneva, Switzerland; Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan; Ministry of Energy & Natural Resources - Turkey; UK Research & Innovation (UKRI) Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC); United States Department of Energy (DOE); National Science Foundation (NSF); BCKDF, Canada; CANARIE, Canada; Compute Canada, Canada; CRC, Canada; European Research Council (ERC); ERDF, European Union; Horizon 2020, European Union; Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions, European Union; COST, European Union; French National Research Agency (ANR); German Research Foundation (DFG); Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; Thales programme; Aristeia programme; EU-ESF, Greece; Greek NSRF, Greece; BSF-NSF, Israel; German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development; La Caixa Banking Foundation, Spain; CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain; PROMETEO Programme Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; GenT Programme Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; Goran Gustafssons Stiftelse, Sweden; Royal Society of London; Leverhulme Trust
The yield of charged particles opposite to a Z boson with large transverse momentum (p(T)) is measured in 260 pb(-1) of pp and 1.7 nb(-1) of Pb + Pb collision data at 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair recorded with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The Z boson tag is used to select hard-scattered partons with specific kinematics, and to observe how their showers are modified as they propagate through the quarkgluon plasma created in Pb + Pb collisions. Compared with pp collisions, charged-particle yields in Pb + Pb collisions show significant modifications as a function of charged-particle p(T) in a way that depends on event centrality and Z boson p(T). The data are compared with a variety of theoretical calculations and provide new information about the medium-induced energy loss of partons in a p(T) regime difficult to measure through other channels.