Prenatal dietary choline supplementation modulates long-term memory development in rat offspring
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Nutritional Neuroscience (Taylos and Francis)
DevelopmentCholineLong-term memoryObject recognition memoryRatsPrenatal supplementationDietCholinergic system
Hayarelis Moreno & Isabel de Brugada (2019): Prenatal dietary choline supplementation modulates long-term memory development in rat offspring, Nutritional Neuroscience, 1-9
SponsorshipThis work was supported by the [MINECO/FEDER, EU, Spain] under grants [PSI2015-63737-P and PGC2018-095965-B-I00] Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad and Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades.
The development of an organism is modulated by multiple factors, with genes and diet being examples of such factors. Previous studies on preclinical models have shown that giving supplemental choline – an essential nutrient to mammals – during the embryonic period improves performance on memory tasks during adulthood. However, the effects of an early intervention on the development of cognitive functions in the immature brain have not been widely studied. In addition, it has been well established that short-term memory in rats emerges at an earlier stage (14–15 days postnatal) than long-term memory (around 30 post-natal). The aim of this work was to examine the effect of prenatal dietary choline supplementation on longterm memory development in rats. In order to assess long-term memory, we used an objectrecognition task, which evaluates the ability to recall a previously presented stimulus. Pregnant rats were fed with the diets AIN 76-A standard (1.1 g choline/Kg food) or supplemented (5 g choline/Kg food) between embryonic days (E) 12 and E18. On the first post-natal day (PN 0), male offspring of the rats fed with the supplemented and standard diet were cross-fostered to rat dams fed a standard diet during pregnancy and tested at the age of PN21-22 or PN29-31 applying 24-hour retention tests. The supplemented animals spent less time exploring the familiar object after a 24-hour retention interval, an effect that was observed in both the group tested at PN21-22 days of age and that tested at PN29-31 days. The non-supplemented rats only showed this effect in the group tested at PN29-31 days. These results suggest that prenatal supplementation with choline accelerates the development of long-term memory in rats.