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dc.contributor.authorLamprecht, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorPauli, H.
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Calzado, Rosa
dc.contributor.authorLorite Moreno, Juan 
dc.contributor.authorMolero Mesa, Joaquín 
dc.contributor.authorSteinbauer, Klaus
dc.contributor.authorWinkler, Manuela
dc.identifier.citationLamprecht, A., Pauli, H., Fernández Calzado, M.R. et al. Changes in plant diversity in a water-limited and isolated high-mountain range (Sierra Nevada, Spain). Alp Botany (2021). []es_ES
dc.descriptionOpen Access funding provided by University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU). This study was funded by the Austrian Academy of Sciences (project MEDIALPS-Disentangling anthropogenic drivers of climate change impacts on alpine plant species: Alps vs. Mediterranean mountains).es_ES
dc.descriptionSupplementary Information The online version contains supplementary material available at https :// 5-021-00246 -x.es_ES
dc.descriptionWe thank Manfred Bardy-Durchhalter for managing the database, Imran Nadeem for discussing climate data preparation, and National Park and Andalusian Environmental Agency staff for their assistance in the field in 2015 and 2019, and answering our questions.es_ES
dc.description.abstractClimate change impacts are of a particular concern in small mountain ranges, where cold-adapted plant species have their optimum zone in the upper bioclimatic belts. This is commonly the case in Mediterranean mountains, which often harbour high numbers of endemic species, enhancing the risk of biodiversity losses. This study deals with shifts in vascular plant diversity in the upper zones of the Sierra Nevada, Spain, in relation with climatic parameters during the past two decades. We used vegetation data from permanent plots of three surveys of two GLORIA study regions, spanning a period of 18 years (2001–2019); ERA5 temperature and precipitation data; and snow cover durations, derived from on-site soil temperature data. Relationships between diversity patterns and climate factors were analysed using GLMMs. Species richness showed a decline between 2001 and 2008, and increased thereafter. Species cover increased slightly but significantly, although not for endemic species. While endemics underwent cover losses proportional to non-endemics, more widespread shrub species increased. Precipitation tended to increase during the last decade, after a downward trend since 1960. Precipitation was positively related to species richness, colonisation events, and cover, and negatively to disappearance events. Longer snow cover duration and rising temperatures were also related to increasing species numbers, but not to cover changes. The rapid biotic responses of Mediterranean alpine plants indicate a tight synchronisation with climate fluctuations, especially with water availability. Thus, it rather confirms concerns about biodiversity losses, if projections of increasing temperature in combination with decreasing precipitation hold true.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU) - Austrian Academy of Scienceses_ES
dc.publisherSpringer Naturees_ES
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Licensees_ES
dc.rightsAtribución 3.0 España*
dc.subjectAlpine plant diversityes_ES
dc.subjectClimate changees_ES
dc.subjectGLORIA programmees_ES
dc.subjectLocal endemic specieses_ES
dc.subjectMediterranean mountaines_ES
dc.subjectWater-limited ecosystemes_ES
dc.titleChanges in plant diversity in a water‑limited and isolated high‑mountain range (Sierra Nevada, Spain)es_ES

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