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dc.contributor.authorSparks, R. S. J.
dc.contributor.authorScarrow, Jane Hannah
dc.identifier.citationSparks R. S. J., Aspinall W. P., Brooks-Pollock E., Cooke R. M., Danon L., Barclay J., Scarrow J. H. and Cox J. 2021A novel approach for evaluating contact patterns and risk mitigation strategies for COVID-19 in English primary schools with application of structured expert judgementR. Soc. open sci.8201566201566 []es_ES
dc.descriptionElectronic supplementary material is available online at 5280319.es_ES
dc.descriptionThe support of the Royal Society education policy unit and the RAMP initiative for COVID-19 are acknowledged. Funding to L.D. and E.B.-P. from MRC grants MR/V038613/1 and MC-PC-19067 is acknowledged.es_ES
dc.description.abstractPersonal contacts drive COVID-19 infections. After being closed (23 March 2020) UK primary schools partially re-opened on 1 June 2020 with social distancing and new risk mitigation strategies. We conducted a structured expert elicitation of teachers to quantify primary school contact patterns and how contact rates changed upon re-opening with risk mitigation measures in place. These rates, with uncertainties, were determined using a performance-based algorithm. We report mean number of contacts per day for four cohorts within schools, with associated 90% confidence ranges. Prior to lockdown, younger children (Reception and Year 1) made 15 contacts per day [range 8.35] within school, older children (Year 6) 18 contacts [range 5.55], teaching staff 25 contacts [range 4.55] and non-classroom staff 11 contacts [range 2.27]. After re-opening, the mean number of contacts was reduced by 53% for young children, 62% for older children, 60% for classroom staff and 64% for other staff. Contacts between teaching and non-teaching staff reduced by 80%. The distributions of contacts per person are asymmetric with heavy tail reflecting a few individuals with high contact numbers. Questions on risk mitigation and supplementary structured interviews elucidated how new measures reduced daily contacts in-school and contribute to infection risk reduction.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipRoyal Society education policy unites_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipRAMP initiative for COVID-19es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUK Research & Innovation (UKRI) Medical Research Council UK (MRC) MR/V038613/1 MC-PC-19067es_ES
dc.publisherThe Royal Society Publishinges_ES
dc.rightsAtribución 3.0 España*
dc.subjectSchools es_ES
dc.subjectExpert judgementes_ES
dc.subjectTransmission es_ES
dc.titleA novel approach for evaluating contact patterns and risk mitigation strategies for COVID-19 in English primary schools with application of structured expert judgementes_ES

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Atribución 3.0 España
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución 3.0 España