Potential for Sustainable Development in the Southeastern Spanish Region of Guadix
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Southeastern SpainDemographic declinePeripheralization approachLow economic dynamismPotential for sustainable developmentTerritorial imbalanceActive social participationRural development policies
Álvarez-Lorente, T.; Entrena-Durán, F. Potential for Sustainable Development in the Southeastern Spanish Region of Guadix. Sustainability 2021, 13, 727. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020727
The Southeastern Spanish Region of Guadix is a mainly agrarian territory located in the Granada province, which is in demographic decline and has low economic dynamism. Reversing such a difficult socioeconomic situation requires the implementation of policies capable of promoting demographic revitalization and fruitfully exploiting potential for sustainable development in the zone. Such policies must be based on an appropriate diagnosis of the existing problems. In order to provide elements to make said diagnosis, this research combines the use of quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitatively, the evolution of demographic dynamics in the region have been analyzed, as well as its levels of occupation, education, its economic situation, or its environmental conditions. In this regard, correlation analysis, factorial analysis, and clustering have been completed with the aim of revealing internal territorial imbalances. A series of qualitative interviews with key actors has also been conducted. Finally, given the little success of development programs applied to date, among other things, it is concluded that a greater involvement of local actors in said programs is needed. Thus, these actors have to be involved in development policies, which in turn must take into account the socioeconomic, cultural, environmental, and geological resources available in the area.