A Narrative Review of Motor Competence in Children and Adolescents: What We Know and WhatWe Need to Find Out
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Motor developmentMotor coordinationFundamental movement skillsMotor proficiencyphysical activity
Lopes, L.; Santos, R.; Coelho-e-Silva, M.; Draper, C.; Mota, J.; Jidovt seff, B.; Clark, C.; Schmidt, M.; Morgan, P.; Duncan, M.; O’Brien, W.; et al. A Narrative Review of Motor Competence in Children and Adolescents: WhatWe Know and WhatWe Need to Find Out. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 18. [https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010018]
SponsorshipPortuguese Foundation for Science and Technology FCT/UIDB/00617/2020 CEECIND/01089/2017 CEECIND/01069/2017; Grant Agency of the Czech Republic 19-03276S; Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness RTI2018-095284-J-100; Spanish Ministry of of Science and Innovation RYC2019-027287-I; National Commission for Scientific Research and Technology of Chile (CONICYT-FONDECYT) 11170525; University of Granada Plan Propio de Investigacion; European Commission; Junta de Andalucia SOMM17/6107/UGR; Miguel Servet Fellow (Instituto de Salud Carlos III-FSE) CP18/0150
Lack of physical activity is a global public health problem causing not only morbidity and premature mortality, but it is also a major economic burden worldwide. One of the cornerstones of a physically active lifestyle is Motor Competence (MC). MC is a complex biocultural attribute and therefore, its study requires a multi-sectoral, multi-, inter- and transdisciplinary approach. MC is a growing area of research, especially in children and adolescents due to its positive association with a plethora of health and developmental outcomes. Many questions, however, remain to be answered in this field of research, with regard to: (i) Health and Developmental-related Associations of MC; (ii) Assessment of MC; (iii) Prevalence and Trends of MC; (iv) Correlates and Determinants of MC; (v) MC Interventions, and (vi) Translating MC Research into Practice and Policy. This paper presents a narrative review of the literature, summarizing current knowledge, identifying key research gaps and presenting questions for future investigation on MC in children and adolescents. This is a collaborative effort from the International Motor Competence Network (IMCNetwork) a network of academics and researchers aiming to promote international collaborative research and knowledge translation in the expansive field of MC. The knowledge and deliverables generated by addressing and answering the aforementioned research questions on MC presented in this review have the potential to shape the ways in which researchers and practitioners promote MC and physical activity in children and adolescents across the world.