Characteristics and Behavior of Di erent Catalysts Used for Water Decontamination in Photooxidation and Ozonation Processes
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AuthorRivera Utrilla, José; López Ramón, María Victoria; Sánchez Polo, Manuel; Ángel Álvarez, Miguel; Velo Gala, Inmaculada
CatalystsPhotooxidationOzonationWater pollutantsUV radiationSolar radiation
Rivera-Utrilla, J., López-Ramón, M. V., Sánchez-Polo, M., Álvarez, M. Á., & Velo-Gala, I. (2020). Characteristics and Behavior of Different Catalysts Used for Water Decontamination in Photooxidation and Ozonation Processes. Catalysts, 10(12), 1485. [doi:10.3390/catal10121485]
SponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness CTQ2016-80978-C2-1-R; European Union (EU) CTQ2016-80978-C2-1-R; Junta de Andalucía P18-RT-4193
The objective of this study was to summarize the results obtained in a wide research project carried out for more than 15 years on the catalytic activity of di erent catalysts (activated carbon, metal–carbon xerogels/aerogels, iron-doped silica xerogels, ruthenium metal complexes, reduced graphene oxide-metal oxide composites, and zeolites) in the photooxidation (by using UV or solar radiation) and ozonation of water pollutants, including herbicides, naphthalenesulfonic acids, sodium para-chlorobenzoate, nitroimidazoles, tetracyclines, parabens, sulfamethazine, sodium diatrizoate, cytarabine, and surfactants. All catalysts were synthesized and then texturally, chemically, and electronically characterized using numerous experimental techniques, including N2 and CO2 adsorption, mercury porosimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray di raction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, di use reflectance UV–vis spectroscopy, photoluminescence analysis, and transmission electron microscopy. The behavior of these materials as photocatalysts and ozonation catalysts was related to their characteristics, and the catalytic mechanisms in these advanced oxidation processes were explored. Investigations were conducted into the e ects on pollutant degradation, total organic carbon reduction, and water toxicity of operational variables and the presence of di erent chemical species in ultrapure, surface, ground, and wastewaters. Finally, a review is provided of the most recent and relevant published studies on photocatalysis and catalyzed ozonation in water treatments using similar catalysts to those examined in our project.