Ambient Noise Measurements to Constrain the Geological Structure of the Güevéjar Landslide (S Spain)
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LandslideGeophysical prospectingAmbient noiseF-k techniqueHVSR
Delgado, J.; Galiana-Merino, J.J.; García-Tortosa, F.J.; Garrido, J.; Lenti, L.; Martino, S.; Peláez, J.A.; Rodríguez-Peces, M.J.; de Galdeano, C.S.; Soler-Llorens, J.L. Ambient Noise Measurements to Constrain the Geological Structure of the Güevéjar Landslide (S Spain). Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 1454. https://doi.org/10.3390/ app11041454
SponsorshipEU (FEDER), by the Secretaría de Estado de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación of the Spanish government (projects CGL2015-65602-R and CGL2016-77688- R); Junta de Andalucía (project GGI3002IDIN); Programa Operativo FEDER Andalucía 2014–2020; Research Groups VIGROB-184 and VIGROB-116 (University of Alicante); University of Jaén
The reactivation of very large landslides may cause severe damage to society. Its prevention and management requires detailed information on the geometry and structure of these landslides, but the use of standard techniques (boreholes) may be prohibitive from an economic point of view. To overcome these difficulties, geophysical techniques are of special interest because they allow for studying very large areas at a reasonable cost. In this paper, we present a case study wherein the analysis of ambient noise allowed us to produce a model of a large landslide near Granada (southern Spain). The geometry and location of the failure zone, as well as the assessment of the state of involved materials, were estimated by combining two available boreholes and different geophysical techniques (downhole tests and the spectral analysis of ambient noise, horizontal to vertical spectral ratios (HVSR) and the frequency-wavenumber (f-k) methods). The results have allowed us to differentiate between values within the landslide mass with respect to those of stable materials, and to perform for the first time a comprehensive geological model of this unstable mass. Differences were also observed within the landslide mass (earth flow vs. slide zones), which are attributed to differences in the degree of alteration and the disturbance of the internal structure of materials constituting the landslide mass. These results show that techniques based on the measurement of ambient noise are of special interest for studying very large, highly remolded landslide masses.