Reducing Response Time in Motor Imagery Using A Headband and Deep Learning
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AuthorGarcía Moreno, Francisco Manuel; Bermúdez Edo, María; Garrido Bullejos, José Luis; Rodríguez Fortiz, María José
Neural networksDeep learningMotor imageryWearableEEGBCIUsers’ interactionResponse time
Garcia-Moreno, F. M., Bermudez-Edo, M., Garrido, J. L., & Rodríguez-Fórtiz, M. J. (2020). Reducing Response Time in Motor Imagery Using A Headband and Deep Learning. Sensors, 20(23), 6730.doi:10.3390/s20236730] [
SponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Agencia Estatal de Investigacion-AEI) TIN2016-79484-R; European Union (EU) TIN2016-79484-R; Spanish Government PID2019-109644RB-I00/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 FPU18/00287
Electroencephalography (EEG) signals to detect motor imagery have been used to help patients with low mobility. However, the regular brain computer interfaces (BCI) capturing the EEG signals usually require intrusive devices and cables linked to machines. Recently, some commercial low-intrusive BCI headbands have appeared, but with less electrodes than the regular BCIs. Some works have proved the ability of the headbands to detect basic motor imagery. However, all of these works have focused on the accuracy of the detection, using session sizes larger than 10 s, in order to improve the accuracy. These session sizes prevent actuators using the headbands to interact with the user within an adequate response time. In this work, we explore the reduction of time-response in a low-intrusive device with only 4 electrodes using deep learning to detect right/left hand motion imagery. The obtained model is able to lower the detection time while maintaining an acceptable accuracy in the detection. Our findings report an accuracy above 83.8% for response time of 2 s overcoming the related works with both low- and high-intrusive devices. Hence, our low-intrusive and low-cost solution could be used in an interactive system with a reduced response time of 2 s.