Nurses Training and Capacitation for Palliative Care in Emergency Units: A Systematic Review
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AuthorOrtega Romero, Sonia; Velando Soriano, Almudena; Romero Bejar, José Luis; Vargas Román, Keyla; Albendín García, Luis; Suleiman Martos, Nora; Cañadas De La Fuente, Guillermo Arturo
EmergenciesMeta-analysisNursing CarePalliative careTerminal illness
Ortega Romero, S., Velando-Soriano, A., Romero-Bejar, J. L., Vargas-Román, K., Albendín-García, L., & Suleiman-Martos, N. (2020). Nurses Training and Capacitation for Palliative Care in Emergency Units: A Systematic Review. Medicina, 56(12), 648. [doi:10.3390/medicina56120648]
Background and objectives: Palliative care (PC) prevents and alleviates patients´ su ering to improve their quality of life in their last days. In recent years, there has been an increase in visits to the emergency services (ES) by patients who may need this type of care. The aims were to describe the training and capacitation of nurses from ES in PC. Accordingly, a systematic review was performed. Materials and Methods: Medline, Scopus, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were used. The search equation was “Palliative care and nursing care and emergency room”. A total of 12 studies were selected. Results: The studies agree on the need for training professionals in PC to provide a higher quality care, better identification of patient needs and to avoid unnecessary invasive processes. Similarly, the implementation of a collaborative model between ES and PC, the existence of a PC specialized team in the ES or proper palliative care at home correspond to a decrease in emergency visits, a lower number of hospitalizations or days admitted, and a decrease in hospital deaths. Conclusions: The development of PC in the di erent areas of patient care is necessary. Better palliative care leads to a lower frequency of ES by terminal patients, which has a positive impact on their quality of life. Access to PC from the emergency unit should be one of the priority health objectives due to increment in the aged population susceptible to this type of care.