Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorGonzález Jiménez, José María
dc.contributor.authorGervilla Linares, Fernando 
dc.contributor.authorNieto García, Fernando
dc.identifier.citationJ.M. González-Jiménez, et al. Mechanisms for Pd-Au enrichment in porphyry-epithermal ores of the Elatsite deposit, Bulgaria. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 220 (2021) 106664 []es_ES
dc.descriptionThis research was supported by Spanish projects: RTI2018-099157-A-I00, CGL2015-65824-P and CGL2016-81085-R granted by the "Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion y Universidades" and "Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad" (MINECO), respectively. Additional funding for chemical analysis was provided by the Ramon y Cajal Fellowship RYC-2015-17596 to JMGJ. Maria del Mar Abad, Isabel Sancez Almazo and Rocio Marquez Crespo (CIC, University of Granada) are acknowledged for her assistance with HRTEM, and HR-SEM and FESEM analysis respectively. We are also indebted to Miguel Angel Hidalgo Laguna from CIC of University of Granada and Xavier Llovet from the Centres Cientifics i Tecnologics of the Universitat of Barcelona (CCiTUB) for their careful help with EMPA. This paper was written during the lockdown provoked by the pandemic COVID-19 and the authors would like to dedicate this manuscript to the memory of those who lost their lives.es_ES
dc.description.abstractPorphyry Cu can contain significant concentrations of platinum-group elements (PGE: Os, Ir, Ru, Rh, Pt, Pd). In this study, we provide a comprehensive in situ analysis of noble metals (PGE, Au, Ag) for (Cusingle bondFe)-rich sulfides from the Elatsite, one of the world's PGE-richest porphyry Cu deposits. These data, acquired using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS), indicate that Pd was concentrated in all the (Cusingle bondFe)-rich sulfides at ppm-levels, with higher values in pyrite (~6 ppm) formed at the latest epithermal stage (i.e., quartz–galena–sphalerite assemblage) than in bornite and chalcopyrite (<5 ppm) from the hypogene quartz–magnetite–bornite–chalcopyrite ores. Likewise, Au is significantly more concentrated in pyrite (~5 ppm) than in the (Cusingle bondFe)-rich sulfides (≤0.08 ppm). In contrast, Ag reaches hundreds of ppm in pyrite and bornite (~240 ppm) but is in much lesser amounts in chalcopyrite (<25 ppm). The inspection of the time-resolved spectra collected during LA-IPC-MS analyses indicates that noble metals are present in the sulfides in two forms: (1) structurally bound (i.e., solid solution) in the lattice of sulfides and, (2) as nano- to micron-sized inclusions (Pdsingle bondTe and Au). These observations are further confirmed by careful investigations of the PGE-rich (Cusingle bondFe)-rich sulfides by combining high-spatial resolution of field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and focused ion beam and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (FIB/HRTEM). A typical Pd-bearing mineral includes the composition PdTe2 close to the ideal merenskyite but with a distinct crystallographic structure, whereas Au is mainly found as native element. Our detailed mineralogical study coupled with previous knowledge on noble-metal inclusions in the studied ores reveals that noble metal enrichment in the Elatsite porphyry ores was mainly precipitated from droplets of Au-Pd-Ag telluride melt (s) entrained in the high-temperature hydrothermal fluid. These telluride melts could separate at the time of fluid unmixing from the silicate magma or already be present in the latter either derived from deep-seated crustal or mantle sources. Significant enrichment in Pd and Au (the latter correlated with As) in low-temperature pyrite is interpreted as remobilization of these noble metals from pre-existing hypogene ores during the epithermal overprinting.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish projects - "Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion y Universidades" RTI2018-099157-A-I00 CGL2015-65824-P CGL2016-81085-Res_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish projects - "Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad" (MINECO) RTI2018-099157-A-I00 CGL2015-65824-P CGL2016-81085-Res_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Government RYC-2015-17596es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución 3.0 España*
dc.subjectPlatinum-group elementses_ES
dc.subjectPorphyry copperes_ES
dc.subjectTelluride meltses_ES
dc.subjectHydrothermal pyritees_ES
dc.titleMechanisms for Pd-Au enrichment in porphyry-epithermal ores of the Elatsite deposit, Bulgariaes_ES

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Atribución 3.0 España
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución 3.0 España