Groundwater Sustainability Strategies in the Sierra de Gador-Campo de Dalias System, Southeast Spain
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Water scarcityDesalinationSustainable development
Pulido-Bosch, A., Vallejos, A., Sola, F., & Molina, L. (2020). Groundwater Sustainability Strategies in the Sierra de Gador-Campo de Dalias System, Southeast Spain. Water, 12(11), 3262. [doi:10.3390/w12113262]
SponsorshipSpanish Government PID2019-108832GB-I00
Maintaining sustainable development in semi-arid regions is a complex task due to scarce precipitation, with notable temporal and spatial variations that complicate planning and proper management of water resources. Most of the water extractions from the aquifers in southeast Spain are carried out to supply a growing agricultural sector and increasingly successful tourism, which is the case of the Sierra de Gador-Campo de Dalias system. Savings, reutilization and awareness among water users are essential elements in any sustainable water policy. Some of the possible solutions proposed that o er low environmental impacts include certain infrastructure works, such as dams, ditches or recharge in gravel pits. Also, desalinization plants constitute a technical alternative in theory but involve high costs. The integration of all these resources, together with their proper management, is necessary to ensure the future water supply and economic growth in the region, safeguarding the state of its aquifers that are currently intensely overexploited.