Genetic Variation in Damaged Populations of Pistacia atlantica Desf.
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Atlas pistachioPopulation analysesEndangered speciesGenetic conservationISSR variation
Labdelli, A., De La Herrán, R., Arafeh, R., Resentini, F., Trainotti, L., Halis, Y., ... & Merah, O. (2020). Genetic Variation in Damaged Populations of Pistacia atlantica Desf. Plants, 9(11), 1541. [doi:10.3390/plants9111541]
The Atlas Pistachio tree, Pistacia atlantica Desf., has great importance in the ecological landscape of North Africa, due to its adaptive plasticity, as well as its use as a rootstock in the cultivation of the economically important species, Pistacia vera L. The conservation and valuation of this species require sampling and an assessment of its genetic variability. For the first time in North Africa, the inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR) molecular marker has been used in genetic-diversity assessment and in the population relationships of P. atlantica subsp. atlantica. The ISSR markers tested showed 74.1% polymorphism, while molecular variance (AMOVA) analysis revealed a high percentage of the total genetic diversity of 55.7% among the four populations studied. Cluster analysis with neighbor-joining (NJ) and principal coordinate analysis (PCO) divided the study sites into four distinct groups according to their geographical locations (Tiaret, Batna, Djelfa, and Bechar). Isolation by distance or Mantel test gave a positive correlation of r = 0.86 between geographical and genetic distances. The results in this study indicate an absence of gene flow, implying that conservation e orts should be taken separately for each population.