Quality of Life After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
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AuthorSchmidt Río Valle, Jacqueline; Abu Ejheisheh, Moath; Membrive Jiménez, María José; Suleiman Martos, Nora; Albendín García, Luis; Correa Rodríguez, María; Gómez Urquiza, Jose Luis
Coronary artery bypass graftMeta-analysisPrevalenceSurgerySystematic reviewQuality of lifeFollow-up study
Schmidt-RioValle, J., Abu Ejheisheh, M., Membrive-Jiménez, M. J., Suleiman-Martos, N., Albendín-García, L., Correa-Rodríguez, M., & Gómez-Urquiza, J. L. (2020). Quality of Life After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(22), 8439. [doi:10.3390/ijerph17228439]
SponsorshipClinical Medicine and Health Public Programme of University of Granada, Spain B 12.56.1
Coronary heart disease is a public health problem and is one of the leading causes of loss of quality of life, disability, and death worldwide. The main procedure these patients undergo is cardiac catheterisation, which helps improve their quality of life, symptoms of myocardial ischemia, and ventricular function, thus helping increase the survival rate of su erers. It can also, however, lead to physical consequences, including kidney failure, acute myocardial infarction, and stroke. The objective of this study was to analyse how coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) influences quality of life. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted using the CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, and Cuiden databases in June 2020. A total of 7537 subjects were included, 16 in the systematic review and 3 in the meta-analysis. The studies analysing quality of life using the SF questionnaire showed improvements in the quality of physical and mental appearance, and those using the NHP questionnaire showed score improvements and, in some cases, di erences in quality of life between women and men. This operation seems to be a good choice for improving the quality of life of people with coronary pathologies, once the possible existing risks have been assessed.