Spanish Nursing Students’ Attitudes toward People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Cross-Sectional Survey
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AuthorAlvarez Serrano, Maria Adelaida; Martínez García, Encarnación; Martín Salvador, Adelina; Gázquez López, María; Pozo Cano, María Dolores; Caparrós González, Rafael Arcángel; Pérez Morente, María Ángeles
Álvarez-Serrano, M. A., Martínez-García, E., Martín-Salvador, A., Gázquez-López, M., Pozo-Cano, M. D., Caparrós-González, R. A., & Pérez-Morente, M. Á. (2020). Spanish Nursing Students’ Attitudes toward People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Cross-Sectional Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(22), 8672. [doi:10.3390/ijerph17228672]
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is still a public health issue. Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) creates, in society, stigmatizing attitudes, fear, and discrimination against infected people; even health professionals do not feel trained enough to adequately take care of these patients, which a ects the quality of care provided to such patients. The purpose of this study was to explore nursing students’ attitudes and other related factors toward people with HIV/AIDS, as well as their evolution in subsequent academic years. A cross-sectional study was performed with students in four academic years from four Spanish health sciences institutions (n = 384). Data were collected voluntarily and on an anonymous basis, utilizing the “Nursing students’ attitudes toward AIDS” (EASE) validated scale. The students’ attitudes toward people with HIV/AIDS were relatively positive, with a total mean EASE value of 85.25 9.80. Statistically significant di erences were observed according to the academic year (p = 0.041), in 4 out of 21 items of the scale and among students with no religious beliefs. By adjusting every variable, only the weak association with religion was maintained (p = 0.045).