Burnout Syndrome in Paediatric Oncology Nurses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
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AuthorFuente Solana, Emilia I. De La; Pradas-Hernández, Laura; Ramiro Salmerón, Alicia; Suleiman Martos, Nora; Gómez Urquiza, Jose Luis; Albendín García, Luis; Cañadas De La Fuente, Guillermo Arturo
BurnoutNursingPaediatric oncologyPreventionRisk factors
la Fuente-Solana, D., Inmaculada, E., Pradas-Hernández, L., Ramiro-Salmerón, A., Suleiman-Martos, N., Gómez-Urquiza, J. L., & Albendín-García, L. (2020, September). Burnout Syndrome in Paediatric Oncology Nurses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In Healthcare (Vol. 8, No. 3, p. 309). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute. [doi:10.3390/healthcare8030309]
SponsorshipJunta de Andalucía P11HUM-7771
Purpose: To determine levels of burnout among paediatric oncology nurses, and the risk factors that may influence its development. Method: A literature review with meta-analysis was conducted, via a search in the PubMed, CINHAL, Scopus, ProQuest (Health and Medical Complete), Scielo and PsycINFO databases, using the search equation: “Nurs*ANDburnoutANDoncologyAND pediatric”. Results: The final sample of selected studies was of eight articles. All were quantitative studies of paediatric oncology nurses, using the Maslach Burnout Inventory, written in English or Spanish. No search restrictions were established on the year of publication. The eight studies reported moderate–high levels of burnout in each of its three dimensions. These dimensions were all related to the characteristics of the profession, in terms of complexity, shifts and workload, and to sociodemographic variables such as marital status, work experience, age and gender. The prevalence meta-analytical estimation for a sample of n = 361 nurses were 37% for high emotional exhaustion, 16% for high depersonalisation and 27% for low personal fulfilment. Conclusions: Most paediatric oncology nurses present moderate–high levels of burnout. Therefore, strategies and interventions should be identified and implemented to protect these workers from the syndrome.