Association between Sexual Habits and Sexually Transmitted Infections at a Specialised Centre in Granada (Spain)
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AuthorCasado Santa Bárbara, Raquel; Hueso Montoro, César; Martín Salvador, Adelina; Alvarez Serrano, Maria Adelaida; Gázquez López, María
Sexually transmitted infectionsSexual behaviourSexual health
Santa-Bárbara, R. C., Hueso-Montoro, C., Martín-Salvador, A., Álvarez-Serrano, M. A., Gázquez-López, M., & Pérez-Morente, M. Á. (2020). Association between Sexual Habits and Sexually Transmitted Infections at a Specialised Centre in Granada (Spain). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(18), 6881. [doi:10.3390/ijerph17186881]
Sexually transmitted infections are an important public health issue. The purpose of this study is to analyse the association between di erent sexual habits and the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in the population of Granada who consult with a specialised centre. An observational, cross-sectional study was conducted based on the medical records of 678 people from the Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Sexual Orientation Centre of Granada, who were diagnosed positively or negatively with a sexually transmitted infection, during the 2000-2014 period. Sociodemographic and clinical data, as well as data on frequency and type of sexual habits, frequency of condom use and sexually transmitted infection positive or negative diagnosis were collected. Univariate and bivariate analyses were conducted. The most popular sexual habits were vaginal intercourse, oral sex (mouth–vagina and mouth–penis) and the least popular were anus–mouth and anal sex. The use of condom is frequent in vaginal and anal sex and less frequent in oral sex. Sexually transmitted infection is associated with mouth–penis (p = 0.004) and mouth–vagina (p = 0.023) oral sex and anal sex (p = 0.031). It is observed that there is a relationship between the presence of STIs and oral sex practices, people having such practices being the ones who use condoms less frequently. There is also a relationship between anal sex and the prevalence of STIs, although in such sexual practice the use of condom does prevail.
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