Prevalence of Depression in Retirees: A Meta-Analysis
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AuthorPabón Carrasco, Manuel; Ramírez Baena, Lucia; Suleiman Martos, Nora; Gomez Urquiza, Jose Luis
Godino-Iáñez, M. J., Martos-Cabrera, M. B., Suleiman-Martos, N., Gómez-Urquiza, J. L., Vargas-Román, K., Membrive-Jiménez, M. J., & Albendín-García, L. (2020, September). Play Therapy as an Intervention in Hospitalized Children: A Systematic Review. In Healthcare (Vol. 8, No. 3, p. 239). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute. [doi:10.3390/healthcare8030321]
Background: Retirement is a final life stage characterized by the ceasing of work and the loss of a routine, social relations, role, status, accomplishments, and aspirations, etc. Many times it is accompanied by negative feelings and can provoke di erent psychoemotional reactions such as depression, among others. The aim of this study is to analyze the prevalence of depression, as well as its psychoeducational approach in retirees. Methods: A paired systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted in di erent databases—Medline, Scopus, CUIDEN, CINAHL, LILACS and PsycINFO. Original studies were included in English, Spanish and French that were published in the last 10 years, and which approached depression in retirees. Results: A total of 11 articles were selected after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. The mean value of the prevalence levels of depression in retirees obtained in the meta-analysis was 28%. Depression is more frequent in retirees, with mandatory retirement, retirement due to illness, and anticipated retirement presenting higher levels of this disease. The health role in the psychoeducational approach is highlighted in 41.6% (n = 5). Conclusions: With almost one-third of retirees su ering from depression, it is necessary to implement prevention and early detection measures to approach a public health problem.