The effect of an online exercise programme on bone health in paediatric cancer survivors (iBoneFIT): study protocol of a multi-centre randomized controlled trial
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AuthorGil Cosano, José Juan; Ubago Guisado, Esther; Ortega Porcel, Francisco Bartolomé; Ruiz Ruiz, Jonatan; Gracia Marco, Luis Andrés
TelemedicineCancerSurvivorBonePlyometric exercisePaediatricsQuality of life
Gil-Cosano, J. J., Ubago-Guisado, E., Sánchez, M. J., Ortega-Acosta, M. J., Mateos, M. E., Benito-Bernal, A. I., ... & Martinez-Vizcaino, V. (2020). The effect of an online exercise programme on bone health in paediatric cancer survivors (iBoneFIT): study protocol of a multi-centre randomized controlled trial. BMC public health, 20(1), 1-13. [https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09607-3]
SponsorshipLa Caixa Foundation 100010434 LCF/BQ/PR19/11700007; University of Granada, Plan Propio de Investigacion 2016, Excellence actions: Units of Excellence; Unit of Excellence on Exercise and Health (UCEES); Junta de Andalucía SOMM17/6107/UGR; European Union (EU) SOMM17/6107/UGR
Background: New approaches on paediatric cancer treatment aim to maintain long-term health. As a result of radiotherapy, chemotherapy or surgery, paediatric cancer survivors tend to suffer from any chronic health condition. Endocrine dysfunction represents one of the most common issues and affects bone health. Exercise is key for bone mass accrual during growth, specifically plyometric jump training. The iBoneFIT study will investigate the effect of a 9-month online exercise programme on bone health in paediatric cancer survivors. This study will also examine the effect of the intervention on body composition, physical fitness, physical activity, calcium intake, vitamin D, blood samples quality of life and mental health. Methods: A minimum of 116 participants aged 6 to 18 years will be randomized into an intervention (n = 58) or control group (n = 58). The intervention group will receive an online exercise programme and diet counselling on calcium and vitamin D. In addition, five behaviour change techniques and a gamification design will be implemented in order to increase the interest of this non-game programme. The control group will only receive diet counselling. Participants will be assessed on 3 occasions: 1) at baseline; 2) after the 9 months of the intervention; 3) 4 months following the intervention. The primary outcome will be determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and the hip structural analysis, trabecular bone score and 3D-DXA softwares. Secondary outcomes will include anthropometry, body composition, physical fitness, physical activity, calcium and vitamin D intake, blood samples, quality of life and mental health.