Influence of Wider Longitudinal Road Markings on Vehicle Speeds in Two-Lane Rural Highways
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Wider road markingsLongitudinal pavement markingsDriving speedCirculation speedBefore and after road safety evaluation
Calvo-Poyo, F.; de Oña, J.; Garach Morcillo, L.; Navarro-Moreno, J. Influence of Wider Longitudinal Road Markings on Vehicle Speeds in Two-Lane Rural Highways. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8305. [https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208305]
SponsorshipMinistry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain TRA2012-37823; Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities of Spain RTI2018-101770-B-I00; European Union (EU)
Longitudinal road markings are a valuable aid in driving guidance. An increase in their width may influence driving and, therefore, road safety. Wider road markings generate a perception of a narrowing lane, which may induct drivers to reduce speed. The present study tries to verify if an increased width of longitudinal road markings actually helps one to drive more slowly, and consequently leads to enhanced road safety. For this purpose, three curves with reduced visibility were selected and driving speed was measured with normal and modified (wider) longitudinal road markings. The results showed a speed reduction effect of around 3.1% with wide road markings. The speed-reducing effect of wide marks was greater during weekends and with more intense traffic volume, while it was slightly attenuated by night. Finally, the calculation of some standard cases on a working day, and considering average traffic volume, gave the following speed reductions during the day and at night, respectively: for light vehicles, 2.24% and 1.96%; for heavy vehicles, 2.46% and 2.15%. In view of the results obtained, it may be said that using wide road markings can help reduce vehicle speed, thereby contributing to reduced traffic accidents and making road transport more sustainable.