Measurement of azimuthal anisotropy of muons from charm and bottom hadrons in Pb+Pb collisions at √sNN=5.02TeV with the ATLAS detector
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AuthorAad, G.; Aguilar Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Amor Dos Santos, S.P.; Araque, J.P.; Castro, N.F.; Conde Muiño, P.; Dias Do Vale, T.; Rodrigues Pereira, R.M. Faisca; Fiolhais, M.C.N.; Galhardo, B.; Gomes, A; Gonçalo, R.; Atlas Collaboration
Heavy Flavor productionFlowRapidity
ATLAS collaboration. (2020). Measurement of azimuthal anisotropy of muons from charm and bottom hadrons in Pb+ Pb collisions at sNN= 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 807, 135595. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2020.135595]
SponsorshipANPCyT; YerPhI, Armenia; Australian Research Council; BMWFW, Austria; Austrian Science Fund (FWF); SSTC, Belarus; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada; NRC, Canadá; Canada Foundation for Innovation; CERN; Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT); Chinese Academy of Sciences; Ministry of Science and Technology, China; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC); Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Colciencias; Ministry of Education, Youth & Sports - Czech Republic Czech Republic Government; Czech Republic Government; DNRF, Denmark; Danish Natural Science Research Council; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); CEA-DRF/IRFU, France; SRNSFG, Georgia; Federal Ministry of Education & Research (BMBF); HGF, Germany; Max Planck Society; Greek Ministry of Development-GSRT; RGC, China; Hong Kong SAR, China; Israel Science Foundation; Benoziyo Center, Israel; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT) Japan Society for the Promotion of Science; CNRST, Morocco; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Netherlands Government; RCN, Norway; Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland; NCN, Poland; Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology; MNE/IFA, Romania; MES of Russia, Russia Federation; NRC KI, Russia Federation; JINR; MESTD, Serbia; MSSR, Slovakia; Slovenian Research Agency - Slovenia; MIZS, Slovenia; DST/NRF, South Africa; MINECO, Spain; SRC, Sweden; Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; SERI, Switzerland; Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF); Canton of Bern, Switzerland; Canton of Geneva, Switzerland; Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan; Ministry of Energy & Natural Resources - Turkey; Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC); United States Department of Energy (DOE); National Science Foundation (NSF); BCKDF, Canada; CANARIE, Canada; Compute Canada, Canada; CRC, Canada; European Union (EU) European Research Council (ERC); European Union (EU); Horizon 2020, European Union; COST, European Union; French National Research Agency (ANR); Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; German Research Foundation (DFG); Herakleitos program - EU-ESF, Greece; Thales program - EU-ESF, Greece; Aristeia program - EU-ESF, Greece; Greek NSRF, Greece; BSF-NSF, Israel; German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development; CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain; PROMETEO Programme Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; Goran Gustafssons Stiftelse, Sweden; Royal Society of London; Leverhulme Trust; Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS)
Azimuthal anisotropies of muons from charm and bottom hadron decays are measured in Pb+Pb collisions at root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV. The data were collected with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider in 2015 and 2018 with integrated luminosities of 0.5 nb(-1) and 1.4 nb(-1), respectively. The kinematic selection for heavy-flavor muons requires transverse momentum 4 < p(T) < 30 GeV and pseudorapidity vertical bar eta vertical bar < 2.0. The dominant sources of muons in this p -r range are semi-leptonic decays of charm and bottom hadrons. These heavy-flavor muons are separated from light-hadron decay muons and punch-through hadrons using the momentum imbalance between the measurements in the tracking detector and in the muon spectrometers. Azimuthal anisotropies, quantified by flow coefficients, are measured via the eventplane method for inclusive heavy-flavor muons as a function of the muon p(T) and in intervals of Pb+Pb collision centrality. Heavy-flavor muons are separated into contributions from charm and bottom hadron decays using the muon transverse impact parameter with respect to the event primary vertex. Non-zero elliptic (v(2)) and triangular (v(3)) flow coefficients are extracted for charm and bottom muons, with the charm muon coefficients larger than those for bottom muons for all Pb+Pb collision centralities. The results indicate substantial modification to the charm and bottom quark angular distributions through interactions in the quark-gluon plasma produced in these Pb+Pb collisions, with smaller modifications for the bottom quarks as expected theoretically due to their larger mass. (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.