Interpretation of the Magnetic Field Signals Emitted by Encoded Asphalt Pavement Materials
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AuthorLeiva Padilla, Paulina; Moreno Navarro, Fernando Manuel; Iglesias Salto, Guillermo Ramón; Rubio Gámez, María Del Carmen
Encoded asphalt materialsSmart roadsRoad-to-vehicleInfrastructure-to-vehicle
Leiva-Padilla P, Moreno-Navarro F, Iglesias G, Rubio-Gamez MC. Interpretation of the Magnetic Field Signals Emitted by Encoded Asphalt Pavement Materials. Sustainability. 2020; 12(18):7300. [https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187300]
SponsorshipEuropean Union (EU) 721493
Asphalt materials modified with different types and dosages of magnetically responsive materials can emit patterns of magnetic signals easily detectable by magnetic field sensors. These patterns could be used to encode roads and improve infrastructure-to-vehicle (I2V)/road-to-vehicle (R2V) communications. In this sense, this paper presents a laboratory study addressed to analyze the magnetic field signals emitted by encoded asphalt specimens manufactured with various dosages of steel fibers. The analysis consisted in the evaluation of the influence of three parameters: (1) the height of placement of the magnetic field sensors, (2) the approach speed of the encoded specimen/vehicle and (3) the distance from signal detection. Results show that, for each one of the parameters evaluated, there is a limit value below which it is possible to work with the magnetic signal emitted by the encoded samples. A proof of concept was used to validate the results obtained.